WHAT IS TRICHOMONIASIS?
Trichomoniasis (or “trich”) is a very common sexually transmitted disease (STD) that is caused by infection. Although symptoms of the disease vary, most women and men who have the parasite cannot tell they are infected.
HOW DO PEOPLE GET TRICHOMONIASIS?
Sexual contact: The parasite is passed from an infected person to an uninfected person during sex. In women, the most commonly infected part of the body is the lower genital tract (vulva, vagina, or urethra), and in men, the most commonly infected body part is the inside of the penis (urethra).
During sex, the parasite is usually transmitted from a penis to a vagina, or from a vagina to a penis, but it can also be passed from a vagina to another vagina.
Pregnancy and Childbirth: Negative effects in babies such as low weight and early delivery.
Can relapse: People who have previously had trichomoniasis and received treatment may be infected again if they have sexual contact with a person infected with the disease,
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF TRICHOMONIASIS?
Mostly asymptomatic: About 70% of infected people do not have any signs or symptoms. When trichomoniasis does cause symptoms, they can range from mild irritation to severe inflammation. Men with trichomoniasis may feel itching or irritation inside the penis, burning after urination or ejaculation, or some discharge from the penis.
Women with trichomoniasis may notice itching, burning, redness or soreness of the genitals, discomfort with urination, or a thin discharge with an unusual smell that can be clear, white, yellowish, or greenish.
Having trichomoniasis can make it feel unpleasant to have sex. Without treatment, the infection can last for months or even years.
WHAT CAN RESULT FROM TRICHOMONIASIS?
Trichomoniasis can increase the risk of getting or spreading other sexually transmitted infections. For example, trichomoniasis can cause genital inflammation that makes it easier to get infected with the HIV virus, or to pass the HIV virus on to a sex partner.
WHEN SHOULD I GET TESTED FOR TRICHOMONIASIS?
As the incubation period changes from person to person, the safest choice is one month after a potential exposure.
HOW IS TRICHOMONIASIS DIAGNOSED?
Exclusively with a laboratory test to diagnose trichomoniasis, as most STD screenings do not include trichomoniasis. The least invasive test consist in taking a urine sample.
WHAT IS THE TREATMENT FOR TRICHOMONIASIS?
Trichomoniasis can be cured with a single dose of prescription antibiotics, which can be taken by mouth. It is okay for pregnant women to take this medication.