CHLAMYDIA

 

WHAT IS CHLAMYDIA? 

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by infection from a bacteria. This infection is easily transmitted due to its lack of symptoms. 

 

HOW DO PEOPLE GET CHLAMYDIA? 

-Sexual contact: Contact with the penis, vagina, mouth, or anus of an infected partner. Ejaculation is not required for chlamydia to be transmitted or acquired. 
-Oral Sex: Chlamydia can also be found in the throats of women and men having oral sex with an infected partner
-During childbirth: From an untreated mother to her baby during childbirth, resulting in pneumonia in some exposed infants. 


It can relapse: People who have had chlamydia and have been treated may get infected again if they have sexual contact with a person infected with chlamydia. 

 

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF CHLAMYDIA? 

Known as a ‘silent’ infection. Most infected people show no physical/visible symptoms. But when symptoms occur, they are usually noticeable within 1-3 weeks of contact and can include the following:

 Women

  • Abnormal vaginal discharge that may have an odor 

  • Bleeding between periods 

  • Painful periods 

  • Abdominal pain with fever 

  • Pain when having sex 

  • Itching or burning in or around the vagina 

  • Pain when urinating

 Men

  • Small amounts of clear or cloudy discharge from the tip of the penis 

  • Painful urination 

  • Burning and itching around the opening of the penis

  • Pain and swelling around the testicles 

 

WHAT CAN RESULT FROM CHLAMYDIAL INFECTION? 

Chlamydia damages often go unnoticed. However, the infection can lead to serious health problems with both short and long-term consequences. In women, untreated chlamydia can spread into the uterus or fallopian tubes and cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). 

 

WHAT ABOUT CHLAMYDIA AND HIV? 

Untreated chlamydia may increase a person’s chances of acquiring or transmitting HIV – the virus that causes AIDS.

WHEN SHOULD I GET TESTED FOR CHLAMYDIA? 

To avoid an inaccurate test do it during the window where the infection can be detected. 

Chlamydia Urine Test: 

  • Possible Detection – Within the first week 

  • Most Likely Detection – 2 Weeks 

  • Highest Accuracy – 4 Weeks
     

HOW IS CHLAMYDIA DIAGNOSED? 

There are a few different tests your doctor can use to diagnose chlamydia. Urethra (men), cervix (women) swab test, or urine samples are the most common. 

WHAT IS THE TREATMENT FOR CHLAMYDIA? 

If you have chlamydia, your doctor will prescribe oral antibiotics. Your doctor will also recommend your partner(s) be treated to prevent reinfection and further spread of the disease. With treatment, the infection should clear up in about a week or two. You must finish all your antibiotics even if you feel better. 

Women with severe chlamydia infection may require hospitalization. 

Re–Testing: After treatment, people should be re-tested after 3 months to be sure the infection is eliminated. This is particularly important if you are unsure that your partner(s) obtained treatment. But testing should still take place even if your partner has been treated. Do not have sex until you are sure both you and your partner no longer have the disease.

© 2014 | The ARISE Africa FDN is a registered 501c3 

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